Glam Rock (also known as hard metal and pop metal) is a subgenre of hard rock and heavy metal. It combines elements of punk rock, as well as complex hooks and guitar riffs, borrowing at the same time the aesthetics of glam rock from the 1970s.
Glam metal originated in the late 1970s and early 1980s in the United States. He developed particularly strongly in Los Angeles at the Sunset Strip music scene, influenced by bands such as Kix, Night Ranger, Motley Crue and Quiet Riot. Glam metal was popular in the 80s and early 1990s as a result of many bands including Poison, Cinderella and Bon Jovi. Music journalist Stephen Davis argues that the influence of style can be traced in the work of groups such as Aerosmith, Kiss, Boston, Cheap Trick and New York Dolls. The Kiss band, as well as shock rock artists such as Alice Cooper, had a particularly big influence on the genre. Finally, the appearance of the heavy metal artists was actually framed by the Finnish group Hanoi Rocks. Van Halen was regarded by critics as the most influential of the genre, coming from the Los Angeles music scene to the Sunset Strip in 1978, thanks to Eddie Van Halen's guitar skills. He popularized a two-handed legato playing technique called tapping, demonstrating it in the song “Eruption” from the Van Halen album. This sound of the guitar and the antics of singer David Lee Roth on stage probably had a very strong influence on glam metal, although the band never fully accepted its sound as glam aesthetics.
Often referring to the new wave of British heavy metal, Def Leppard released their second album High 'N' Dry in 1981, which was a mix of glam rock and heavy metal, thereby defining sound for a decade. Pyromania’s next album, sold 10 million copies and turned “diamond” according to the American Recording Association, reached number two on the Billboard 200, and the singles “Foolin”, “Photograph” and “Rock of Ages” contributed to MTV. She was widely imitated by many groups of the then developing California scene.