Tango (Spanish: tango) - Argentinean folk dance; pair dance of free composition, characterized by an energetic and clear rhythm. Originally performed exclusively by men.
Initially developed and distributed in Argentina, then became popular throughout the world.
Previously, tango was known as tango criollo. Today, there are many tango dance styles, including Argentinean tango, Uruguayan tango, ballroom tango (American and international style), Finnish tango and ancient tango. Argentine tango is often regarded as an “authentic” tango, as it is closer to the original dance in Argentina and Uruguay. Music and tango dance elements are popular in activities related to dancing, gymnastics, figure skating, synchronized swimming, etc.
Tango has spread from African communities in Buenos Aires based on ancient African dance forms. The word "tango" is also of African origin, it is brought to the language of the Nigerian people ibibio, where it means dance to the sound of a drum, and is applied to melodies obtained as a result of the synthesis of various forms of music from Europe, Africa and America. Jorge Luis Borges writes in “El idioma de los argentinos”: “Tango belongs to La Plata and is the“ son ”of the Uruguayan milonga and the“ grandson ”of the Habanera.” The word "tango" seems to be used for the first time in relation to dancing in the 1890s. Initially, this dance was only one of many, but it soon became popular in the whole society. Since September 30, 2009, tango has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
December 11, the birthday of the Argentine singer and film actor, the famous “King of Tango” Carlos Gardel, is celebrated in the capital of Argentina, Buenos Aires as “Tango Day”.