Indie Rock - is an alternative rock genre that exists primarily in the underground, in an independent information and commercial space. It takes its name from the English word "independent" (English independent). This is not a peculiar separate style of music, but a generalizing term for a wide range of musicians and styles, united by involvement in the underground, counterculture, and related to rock music.
The term “indie” itself appeared in the late 1970s with the advent of punk rock preaching the D.I.Y. (Do It Yourself - “do it yourself”), and the beginning of the heyday of independent recording: it was originally used only as a characteristic of the respective record companies (as opposed to “major labels”) and a specific way to record and distribute music in general. In the mid-1980s, however, this term began to be used more and more often in relation to underground rock music published on these labels (there was also a related term college rock), and not to the labels themselves.
In the 1980s, the term indie rock was synonymous with alternative rock and was used to separate performers by geography: alternative rock was preferred for American performers, and indie rock for British. With the entry of American grunge and pop punk artists, and then British Brit-pop artists, into the mainstream in the 1990s, the term began to be used for underground alternative rock. In the 2000s, as a result of changes in the music industry and the growing importance of the Internet, indie rock gained commercial success, which led to questions about the meaningfulness of the term.
Today, indie rock means elegant, soft, retrospective music, without distortion and aggression, as, for example, with the American band The Shins. As well as practically non-rock performers of melancholy ballads, such as the British Coldplay and Snow Patrol.