Heavy metal (Eng. Heavy metal- "heavy metal") - a genre of rock music, the first and original direction of metal. Usually this word is called "classic" metal in the form in which it was created in the 1970s by groups such as Black Sabbath and Judas Priest. Sometimes all metal as a whole is called "heavy metal" abroad (which is not entirely true), and its original appearance is called "traditional heavy metal" or "classical metal."
From heavy metal to one degree or another all other types of metal have evolved. Classic heavy metal flourished in the 1980s thanks to bands such as Iron Maiden, Judas Priest, Manowar, Motorhead, Accept and others, after which it gradually began to yield in popularity to new genres. However, in the 21st century, many heavy groups continue to perform traditional heavy, both old and new, often mixed with power metal that is close to him.
Regarding the origin of the name "heavy metal" - "Heavy metal" - there are many versions. Some believe that this expression arose among hippies and hipsters in the early 1970s, but where it came from in their slang remains a matter of debate.
With the advent of numerous metal branches, new bands playing classic heavy metal began to appear less. Mostly the elements of the traditional heavy were preserved by some power metal bands that slowed down and increased heaviness, such as HammerFall, Edguy, etc., whose style can now be defined as melodic metal. Many bands starting with thrash metal, such as Metallica, Megadeth, and Iced Earth, later began to lean towards heavy metal. Hard-n-heavy band Lordi won the Eurovision Song Contest in 2006.