Breakbeat (English breakbeat- broken rhythm) - a term that combines the class of electronic music genres based on the beat with a broken rhythm, or directly these drums themselves. The “brokenness” of the rhythm is achieved by shifting the emphasis from a strong beat to a weak beat (syncopy) or by simultaneously combining two or more independent rhythms (polyrhythmia). Breakbeat can have both a regular structure, that is, with the constant use of the same rhythmic pattern (break), and irregular, with a combination of different rhythmic patterns. Usually breaks are sampled from old funk and disco records or created on drum machines and on their computer emulators.
Later, under the influence of hardcore / drum and bass, many other genres developed with breakbeat at the core, including New School Breaks (Adam Freeland, Aquasky, The Plump DJs, Tipper), Tustep Garage (Artful Dodger, MJ Cole, Zed Bias), breakcore (Venetian Snares, Shitmat), breakstep (DJ Zinc), downbeat (Amon Tobin, Portishead, Thievery Corporation), broken bit (Bugz in the Attic, Seiji), grime (Terror Danjah) and others.
Today, the word breakbeat often serves as a synonym for music with a significant emphasis on breakbeat parts and a pace of up to 150 beats per minute, in particular, new school-breaks and its further variations, big-beats (The Prodigy, The Chemical Brothers, The Crystal Method, Fatboy Slim), Propellerheads and the like.